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Ludwigsburg, situatet at an elevation of 290 m about 14 km north of Stuttgart was founded in 1709 by Duke Eberhard Ludwig of Württemberg as his new residence town. Until today, Ludwigsburg has retained its original Baroque character.
The Residenzschloss [left, no. 1211: top, and right, no. 1665: bottom left] was begun in 1704 by the architects Philipp Joseph Jenisch and Johann Friedrich Nette, and was finished by Donato Giuseppe Frisoni in 1733. The castle is the largest palace (18 buildings with 452 rooms) in Germany and one of the finest examples of Baroque arcitecture in the country. The castle also houses the famous porcellain manufacture, founded by Duke Carl Eugen in 1758.
The Jagdschloss Favorite [left, no. 1211: bottom left] was built by J.F. Nette as a hunting lodge for Duke Eberhard Ludwig in 1713–1723.
The Seeschloss Monrepos [left, no. 1211: bottom right, and right, no. 1665: bottom right] at the lake Eglosheimer See was originally built as a hunting lodge for Duke Eberhard Ludwig and was enlarged in 1758ۤ by Philipe de la Guêpière for Duke Carl Eugen. It was finally completed in 1768 under Duke Friedrich II (later King Friedrich I of Württemberg) by the architect Nikolaus Friedrich von Thouret.
The Emichsburg [right, no. 1665: top left] in the park of Ludwigsburg castle is a romantic artificial ruin which was built in 1802–1805. It was named for the legendary ancestor of the Dukes of Württemberg.
The Schiller monument [right, no. 1665: top right] in the square Wilhelmsplatz was erected in memory of the great German poet Friedrich Schiller (1759–1805) who attended the grammar school in Ludwigsburg from 1766 until 1773. The monument was created by Ludwig von Hofer (1801–1887), court sculptor at the Württemberg court.
The German poet Eduard Mörike (1804–1875) was born in Ludwigsburg.