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megye: Komárom-Esztergom  



lv: Estergomā lt: Estergomas tr: Estergon de: Gran sk: Ostrihom cs: Ostřihom hr: Ostrogon pl: Ostrzyhom ro: Strigoniu
bg, mk, sr: Естергом uk: Естерґом ru: Эстергом be: Эстэргам

Esztergom is situated at an elevation of 261 m on the right bank of the river Danube, the border to Slovakia. During Roman times called Strigonium, Esztergom became the first royal seat of Hungary when Prince Géza chose it as his seat. His son, Saint Stephen (István I), who was also born here in 975, was crowned here as the first king of Hungary in 1000. Since 1198 Esztergom is also the seat of the archprimate of Hungary. Until the 13th century it remained the capital of the country. In 1241 it was sacked by the Mongols and during much of the 16th and 17th centuries it was occupied by the Turks. Today it is still the ecclesiastical centre of Hungary. Situated in the centre of an extensive vineyard region, Esztergom carries on trade in wine and grain. Its mineral springs also make it popular with tourists. Esztergom also is the administrative centre of the Komárom-Esztergom county.

3083 Esztergom 1291 Esztergom Dominating on a hill above the city is the cathedral of Esztergom. The church was rebuilt in Neo-Gothic style in the 19th century and is the largest church in Hungary (118 m long, 40 m wide, its characteristic dome has a height of 100 m, internal height 72 m). On the occasion of the consecration of the new church in 1869 Franz (Ferenc) Liszt composed and conducted his famous Gran mass (Graner Messe). The cathedral also incorporates the Bakócz chapel, constructed in red marble in 1506–1508 by Cardinal Tamás Bakócz. It is the most important Renaissance chapel in the country. The treasury of the church includes numerous objects and relics, among them the calvary of King Matthias Corvinus (king 1458–1490).

Cardinal József Mindszenty, appointed Archbishop of Esztergom in 1945 and cardinal in 1946, was arrested and sentenced to life-imprisonment in 1948/49 by the communist rulers of Hungary. He was released in 1956 but had to seek asylum in the American embassy. In 1971 he emigrated to Austria. After his death in 1975 he was buried in the basilica of Mariazell. In 1991 his remains were brought home to the cathedral of Esztergom.

Shown also in the picture on glass no. 3083 [left] is the Catholic church of St. Ignatius [bottom right], the parish church of the 'water town', Víziváros. A church in this site already existed in 1595, but was destroyed during the Turkish wars. The rpesent church was erected in 1728–1738 by the Jesuits, who had come to the city in 1686. After the dissolution in 1773 of the Jesuit order, the church came in possession of the Pauline and then the Benedictine order. In 1788 it became the water town's parish church, but also served as cathedral of Esztergom between 1820 and 1856. The church was severely damaged during World War II, but was rebuilt in 1957–1958 and renovated in the 1980s.

Depicted to the left of the church of St. Ignatius is the Primate's Palace [foreground left]. Built on the former site of the Jesuit monastery in 1881–1883, the neo-Renaissance building today also houses the Christian Museum, Hungary's largest collection of ecclesiastical art.
[http://salviatimosaics.blogspot.co.at/2013/08/prince-primates-palace-esztergom.html, http://www.hungary-tourist-guide.com/esztergom.html, http://visitbudapest.travel/activities/budapest-vicinity/esztergom/]