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|Trenčiansky kraj||Trenčín region|
Trenčín is situated at an altitude of 211 m on the river Váh (Hungarian: Vág: German: Waag) on the eastern foothills of the mountain range Bíle Karpaty (White Carpathians). A latin inscription on the castle rock dating from 179 AD is probably the oldest written document in the region of modern Slovakia. The inscription praises the victory of the Roman legion stationed here in their army camp called 'Laugaricio' over the Germanic tribe of the Quades. In the 1st half of the 11th century Trenčín became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In 1412 it obtained the status of a free royal town. Today, Trenčín is the economical and industrial centre of the middle river Váh valley region.
The castle of Trenčín high on a rock above the
old town, was founded already in the 11th century and was enlarged during the
13th century for the defence of the Váh valley. The main tower (33 m high)
dates from that period. Further enlargements took place in the 15th and 16th century.
The castle was largely destroyed by a fire in 1790 and was subsequently deserted.
In 1954 a major project for the restoration of the castle was started. Today
parts of the district museum are located in the castle.