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województwo: Opolskie voivodship: Opole
powiat: Nysa county: Nysa



de: Neisse, Neiße cs, lv, sk: Nisa
bg, sr, uk: Ниса ru: Ныса

Nysa (German: Neiße) is situated at an elevation of 181 m on the river Nysa Kłodzka (Glatzer Neiße) in the southwest of the Opolskie region of southern Poland. It has a population of about 52,000 (2004).

3363 Nysa Nysa is one of the oldest towns in Silesia. It was probably founded in the 10th century and afterwards became the capital of a principality of its name, which around 1200 became part of the bishopric of Wrocław (Breslau). The town received its first fortifications in 1350 so that Nysa could withstand the attacks of the Hussites in 1424. During the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) it was besieged three times. The first Silesian War (1740/1741, War of the Austrian Succession) ended the Austrian sovereignty over Silesia and left Nysa in the hands of King Friedrich II of Prussia, who laid the foundations of its modern fortifications. On 25 August 1769 Neiße was the site of a meeting between Friedrich II of Prussia and Emperor Joseph II, co-regent in Austria. During the Napoleonic wars Nysa was taken by the French in 1807. Neiße retained its mostly Catholic character within the predominantly Protestant province of Upper Silesia in Prussia. Because of its many churches from the Gothic and Baroque periods the town was nicknamed "the Silesian Rome".

The Town Hall Tower [left] was originally build in 1488–1499. The town hall was built in the 16th century. From the mid 18th century on, it served as the garrison church and from 1885 to 1914 as Old Catholic church. The tower had a height of 95 metres and was one of the most exquisite medieval towers in Silesia. Destroyed in 1945, the tower was rebuilt after the war in simplified and modernised shape.

1687 Nysa  

The bottom left picture on glass no. 1687 [near left] shows the monument for Emperor Friedrich III who was German Emperor for only 99 days, from 9 March until his death on 15 June, 1888.

The bottom right picture shows the monument for Joseph von Eichendorff. The famous German poet lived in Neiße from 1855 until his death in 1857. The monument was created in 1888 and was destroyed in 1945. The building in the background is Eichendorff's home. It was destroyed in March 1945.

The top picture shows the railway station of Nysa.