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|estado: São Paulo|
Campinas is situated at an elevation of 661 m in the state of São Paulo. The city and county has a population of about 969,000 and is also the administrative centre of the meso-region of the same name. Campinas is the third-largest city in the state, after São Paulo (about 10,900,000) and Guarulhos (about 1,160,000).
The city was founded on July 14, 1774. It was initially a simple outpost on the way to Minas Gerais and Goiás serving the "Bandeirantes" who
were in search of precious minerals and Indian slaves. In the first half of the 19th century, Campinas became a growing population center,
with many coffee and sugarcane farms. The construction of a railway linking it to the city of São Paulo and Santos' seaport, in 1817,
was very important for its growth. In the second half of the 19th century, with the abolition of slavery, farming and industrialisation attracted
many foreign immigrants to replace the lost manpower, mainly from Italy. Coffee became an important export and the city became wealthy. In
consequence, a large service sector was established to serve the growing population, and in the first decades of the 20th century, Campinas
could already boast as having an opera house, theaters, banks, movie theaters, radio stations, a philarmonic band, two newspapers, a good public
education system, hospitals and the most important Brazilian research center in agricultural sciences, the Instituto Agronômico de Campinas,
which was founded by Emperor Pedro II. Finally, the construction of the first Brazilian highway in 1938, between Campinas and São Paulo,
the Anhanguera Highway, was a turning point in the integration of Campinas into the rest of the state.
[Text adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campinas]
The picture on glass no. 2291 [left] shows the
[Text adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Gomes]