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POLSKA POLAND
województwo: Opolskie voivodship: Opole
powiat: Prudnik county: Prudnik

map

Prudnik

pl hist.: Nowe Miasto Królewskie
de: Neustadt O.S. (Neustadt in Oberschlesien), Polnisch Neustadt cs: Prudník, Proudník, Nové Město lv: Prudnika
el: Προύντνικ
bg, ru, uk: Прудник mk, sr: Прудњик

2974 Prudnik Prudnik (former German name: Neustadt in Oberschlesien, Neustadt O.S.) is situated at an elevation of 265 m on the river Prudnik, between the Głubczyce hill country (Płaskowyż Głubczycki) and the Oppa Mountains (Góry Opawskie) about 60 km south of the voivodship's capital, Opole, and 5 km north of the border to the Czech Republic. Prudnik is the capital of the district of the same name (powiat Prudnicki) and also theseat of the administration of the urban-rural commune Prudnik, which includes the villages of Czyżowice (Zeiselwitz), Dębowiec (Eichhäusel), Wieszczyna (Neudeck), Kobylica (Kobelberg), Łąka Prudnicka (Gräflich Wiese), Chocim (Kotzem; 1936–45: Linden), Mieszkowice (Dittmannsdorf), Moszczanka (Langenbrück), Niemysłowice (Buchelsdorf), Piorunkowice (Schweinsdorf), Rudziczka (Riegersdorf), Szybowice (Schnellewalde) and Wierzbiec (Wackenau). Prudnik has a population of about 21,800 (2013), the urban-rural commune Prudnik has a population of about 30,000.

The history of Prudnik goes back to a castle (castle Wogendrossel) that was founded in the mid 13th century by Wok of Rosenberg (Rožmberk nad Vltavou). In 1279 his son Heinrich I founded a town beneath the castle; this town was first mentioned in 1302 (Neustadt, 'new town'); an alternative name often used was Prudnik, after the river where it was located. A parish church (belonging to the archdiocese of Olomouc was first mentioned in 1321. Advantageous for the town was its location at an important trading route from Neisse (Nysa) to Jägerndorf (Krnov). In 1337 Johann of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia, sold Neustadt to the dukes of Oppeln (Opole). After the death in 1532 of the last duke, Johann II of Oppeln and Ratobor, Neustadt/Prudnik fell back to the Bohemian Crown, which in 1526 had become part of the Habsburg countries. From 1532 until 1551 Neustadt/Prudnik, together with the Opole duchy, was pawned to the dukes of Brandenburg-Ansbach (also dukes of Jägerndorf/Krnov). The parish was transfered in 1629 to the diocese of Breslau (Worcław). In 1708 the town was renamed Königlich Neustadt ('Royal Neustadt', Polish: Nowe Miasto Królewskie). Following the First Silesian War (1740–1742), most of Silesia, and with it Neustadt, became part of Prussia. In 1815 it became the seat of the administration of the district Neustadt O.S. (Neustadt in Oberschlesien). In 1876 the town was connected to the railway system (railroad Neisse–Cosel, i.e. from Nysa to Kóźle). In 1908 the town was renamed from Neustadt i. Ob. Schles. to Neustadt O. S. After World War I and following a referendum in 1921 in Upper Silesia, Neustadt remained in Germany. Following World War II, in 1945, the town became part of Polad and was renamed Prudnik and the German population was expelled.

The bottom left picture on glass no. 2974 shows a view of the restaurant Schwedenschanze ('Swedish Redoubt').

The bottom right picture shws a view of the Waldhaus in Eichhäusel ('Forest Inn' in Dębowiec).

 

 

Further places called Neustadt (or similar), of which glasses are in this collection, are:
in Austria: Wiener Neustadt,
in the Czech Republic: Nové Město na Moravě,
in Germany: Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale, Neustadt an der Orla, Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Neustadt in Holstein and Neustadt in Sachsen;
in Hungary: Sátoraljaújhely (previous name in German: Neustadt am Zeltberg).

[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prudnik, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prudnik; http://eeo.uni-klu.ac.at/index.php?title=Prudnik, http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/pl-op-pd.html, http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prudnik]


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