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Zaragoza is the capital city of the Zaragoza province and of the autonomous community of Aragón. It is situated at an elevation of 243 m on the Ebro river and its tributaries, the Huerva and the Gállego, roughly in the center of both Aragón and the Ebro basin. With two monuments (the tower and parish church of San Pablo, and apse, parish and dome of La Seo), Zaragoza is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon" (listed in 1989: Teruel; Calatayud, Cervera de la Cañada, Tobed and Zaragoza added in 2001).
The Sedetani, a tribe of ancient Iberians, populated a village called Salduie (Salduba in Roman sources). The Romans, under emperor Augustus, founded a city called Caesaraugusta in ca. 25–12 BC. the city was captured peacefully by the Goths in the 5th century AD. From 1018 to 1118 Zaragoza was one of the taifa kingdoms, independent Muslim states which emerged in the 11th century following the destruction of the Cordoban Caliphate. In 1118 the Aragonese conquered the city from the Almoravids and made it the capital of the Kingdom of Aragón. When King Alfonso I of Aragón and Navarra died without heirs in 1134, Zaragoza was swiftly occupied by Alfonso VII of León and Castile. Zaragoza suffered two famous sieges during the Peninsular War against the Napoleonic army: a first from June to August 1808; and a second from December 1808 to February 1809. Despite a decline in the outlying rural economy, Zaragoza has continued to grow. Today, the municipality of Zaragoza has a population of about 665,000 (2015), making it 5th in Spain and 32nd most populous municipality in the European Union.
The picture on glass no. 3009 [left] represents