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|ČESKÁ REPUBLIKA||CZECH REPUBLIC|
|Ústecký kraj||Ústí nad Labem region|
Duchcov (previously in German: Dux) is situated at an elevation of 201 nm in the foothills of the Krušné hory (Ore Mountains, Erzgebirge) mountion region of northwestern Bohemia, about 8 km southwest of the district town, Teplice. The municipality has a population of about 8,500 (2019).
The oldest written document mentioning Tockczaw dates from 1240; later documents mention it as Duchczow and Dux. The German population increased especially from the mmid 14th century onwards. In 1412 it became a property of the Bohemian Crown, but in 1417 it had to be ceded to the margraviate of Meißen, but in 1459 with the Treaty of Eger (Cheb) finally became part of Bohemia. The privileges as a town were confirmed in 1460. In 1527 the Duchcov estates were sold to lords (1623 princes) of Lobkowitz (Lobkovic). In 1642 it came in possession of the counts of Waldstein (z Valdštejna). Giacomo Casannova spent the last 13 years of his life (1785&ndasj;1798) in Duchcov as librarian of the count of Waldstein. Afther the end of manorialsm, Dux became an independent municipality in 1850. After Worls War I Duchcov became part of the Czechoslovak Republic. Occupied by Nazi Germany between 1938 and 1945, it was liberated in 1945 and the German population was expelled in the same.
The deanery church of the Annunciation of Our Lady [left, no. 3701: left] was built in Baroque style in the beginning of the 18th century by the architect Jean Baptise Mathey. It was consecrated in 1722. In 1945, the church was burnt down by the Soviet army, destroying all of its interior decorations.
The Baroque Trinity column [left, no. 3701: foreground centre]
was created in 1750–1760.