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|Košický kraj||Košice region|
|okres: Košice I – IV|
Košice, Slovakia's second-largest city, is situated at the Hornád (Hungarian: Hernád, German: Kundert, Hernad) river in the Košice basin of eastern Slovakia. It was first mentioned in a document in 1230. Due to its favourable position it grew rapidly; first privileges were granted in 1249. The oldest guild regulations were documented in 1307. In 1369, the city received its own coat of arms, the first of all towns in Europe. Between 1347 and the beginning of the 18th century it secured its position as second city in the Kingdom of Hungary after Buda (now Budapest). The university of Košice was opened in 1657; in 1776 it obtained the status of a royal university. As a law academy it operated until 1921. Together with Marseilles, Košice was selected to be European Capital of Culture in 2013.
The church St. Elisabeth dates back to the 13th century. The first, one-naved church was built in 1260–1280 but was destroyed by fire about 1370. The construction of the present-day church in High Gothic style started about 1378 and lasted until 1420. Further chapels were added to the church in 1470–1477. After severe damages by a siege of the town in 1491, the church was restored and the presbytery was added as the last stage of the construction in 1508. Numerous restorations followed during the subsequent centuries; the most extensive one in 1877–1896 changed the interior and exterior appearance of the church considerably.