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Monuments for Emperor Wilhem I of Germany

King Wilhelm I of Prussia (b.1797, d.1888) was proclaimed the first German Emperor by Otto von Bismarck in Versailles on the 18th of January of 1871 before the French-German War had even ended. More than 1,000 monuments were built in his honour, mopst of them between 1888 and 1918. Among them are 63 equestrian statues, 231 statues, 5 sitting monuments, 126 busts and 28 towers.

The following Monuments for German Emperor Wilhelm I are depicted on glasses of this collection:

| Berlin | Chemnitz | Dortmund (Hohensyburg) | Düsseldorf | Eberswalde | Elbląg | Erfurt | Erlangen | Frankfurt / Oder | Hamburg | Калининград (Kaliningrad) | Koblenz | Kyffhäuser | Porta Westfalica | Rathenow |

Berlin

Glasses no. 2953, 2176: Berlin

The equestrian monument for Emperor Wilhelm I [right, no. 2176] was situated in front of the western side of the Stadtschloss in Berlin. After the death in 1888 of Wilhelm I, the first German emperor, a contest was held in 1889 for the creation of a national menument. It took a second, controversial, contest in 1891 to finally chose Reinhold Begas as designer for the monument. The surrounding collonade was created by the architect Gustav Friedrich Halmhuber. The bronze statue of the emperor had a height of 9 m, the total height of the monument was 21 m. In 1950 the government of the German Democratic Republic ordered the removal of the equestrian statue, only the pedestal remained.

Glass no. 2444: Berlin

The top picture on glass no. 2444 [left] shows a view of Hohenzollernplatz in Rixdorf (today Berlin, district Neukölln) with the monument for Emperor Wilhelm I. The equestrian monument was created in 1902 by the sculptor Albert Moritz Wolff. The bronze monument was melted down in 1944.

Chemnitz

Glass no. 2671: Chemnitz

Glass no. 2671 [left] also shows three monuments standing in front of the Old Town Hall [foreground right]: The monument for Emperor Wilhelm I [centre], the monument for Chancellor Otto von Bismarck [left], and the monument for General Field Marshal Helmuth von Moltke [right]. The monuments were unveiled on 22 June 1899, but were removed in 1945 for ideologic reasons.

Dortmund (Hohensyburg)

Glasses no. 1888, 2005: Dortmund

2005 Dortmund The Kaiser-Wilhelm-Denkmal [right] on the Hohensyburg was built in 1893–1903. Although Dortmund in 1889 lost the competition for the construction of the central monument for the province of Westfalia to Porta Westfalica, a regional committee soon proposed plans for another monument for the former County of Mark. The designs were drawn by the architect Hubert Stier. The equestrian monument of Emperor Wilhelm and the statues of Otto von Bismarck, Helmuth von Moltke, Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm (Emperor Friedrich III) and Prince Friedrich Karl (nephew of Wilhelm I), were designed and executed by Adolf Donndorf and his son Karl. The central tower has a total height of 34 m. The monument was unveiled on the 30th of June 1902 in the presence of Emperor Wilhelm's great-grandson, Crown Prince Wilhelm, son of the reigning German emperor, Wilhelm II. During extensive reconstructions in 1935/36 the statues of Friedrich Wilhelm and Friedrich Karl were removed, and the two other statues were repositioned.

Glass no. 2005 [right] is marked "Andenken an den Kaiserbesuch 10. Aug. 1909". It was sold as a souvenir on the occasion of the visit of Emperor Wilhelm II, on the occasion of the celebrations of 300th anniversary of the affiliation of the Counties Mark and Ravensburg (Bielefeld) to Brandenburg-Preußen.

Düsseldorf

Glass no. 2542: Düsseldorf

The monument for Emperor Wilhelm I [right] was erected in Martin-Luther-Platz in 1896. The bronze monument on a granite pedestal was created by Karl Jansen.

Eberswalde

Glasses no. 1262, 1321: Eberswalde

The picture the picture on glass no. 1321 [left] and on the bottom left picture of glass no. 1262 [right] shows the  Kaiser-Wilhelms-Turm, erected in memory of Emperor Wilhelm I. The lookout tower was inaugurated in 1896 and had a height of 54 m. It was located to the south of Eberswalde in the Oberheide heath and was destroyed in 1945.

Elbląg

Glass no. 2816: Elbląg

The monument for Emperor Wilhelm I [near left, no. 2816: foreground right] was created in 1905 by the German sculptor Wilhelm Haverkamp. The monument was unveiled on 23 July 1905 in the presence of Empress Auguste Viktoria, wife of Emperor Wilhelm II. The monument was destroyed in 1945.

Erfurt

Glass no. 1504: Erfurt

The bottom right picture on glass no. 1504 shows the equestrian monument for Emperor Wilhelm I. The monument was inaugurated on the 25th of August 1900 in the presence of Wilhelm's grandson, Emperor Wilhelm II. The monument was removed in 1942 and the statue was melted down.

Erlangen

Glass no. 1179: Erlangen

The Kaiser-Wilhelm-Obelisk [bottom left picture] was erected in 1897 on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Wilhelm I. It was the first monument for Wilhelm I in southern Germany. The circle around the marble obelisk soon after was named Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz. In 1942 the metal parts of the monument including 4 bronze reliefs were removed and melted down. The monument was removed in 1946 and the square was renamed Lorlebergplatz in honour of colonel Werner Lorleberg who had delivered the city to the US Army without struggle in 1945 and thus prevented the destruction of the town.

Frankfurt / Oder

Glass no. 956: Frankfurt / Oder

The monument for Emperor Wilhem I [centre] on the square Wilhelmsplatz (today 'Platz der Republik') was erected in 1900.

Hamburg

Glass no. 2057: Hamburg

The Kaiser-Wilhelm-Denkmal (monument for Emperor Wilhelm I) [left, no. 2057: bottom right picture] was erected in 1903 on the market square in front of the town hall. The sculptor was Johannes Schilling. In 1929 the monument was moved to the square Sievekingplatz.

Калининград (Kaliningrad)

Glass no. 1023: Калининград (Kaliningrad)

The monument for Emperor Wilhelm I was unveiled in 1894 in the presence of his grand-son, Emperor Wilhelm II.

Koblenz

Glass no. 858: Koblenz

The monument for Emperor Wilhelm I was created by the sculptor Emil Hundrieser and the architect Bruno Schmitz in 1893–1897. At the end of World War II, the monument was destroyed by artillery fire. The empty base was dedicated as monument for German Unity in 1953, and served this purpose until the re-unification of Germany in 1990. A replica of the equestrian monument of Germany's first Emperor was made possible by a private donation and was unveled in 1993. The total height including the base is 37 m, the copper bronze sculpture (height 14 m) weighs 61.5 tons.

Kyffhäuser

Glass no. 2213: Kyffhäuser

The Kyffhäuser monument is located on the eastern ridge of the Kyffhäuser mountains near Bad Frankenhausen in Thuringia.

The munument was built in 1890–1896 on the ruins of the Kyffhausen castle, which was first mentioned in 1118 and since the 15th century had fallen into dereliction. The design of the monument was drawn by the architect Bruno Schmitz and intended to allegorize the new German Empire as the legitimate successor of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation. A sandstone sculpture (height 6.5 m) shows Emperor Friedrich I (Barbarossa) awakening from his centuries-long sleep (see also the Barbarossa cave). Above him, the copper-driven equestrian monument (height 11 m) shows Emperor Wilhelm I, the first German Emperor (1871–1888). The monument is dominated by a massive tower (height 57 m, 247 steps) which offers a spectacular view over the area. The Kyffhäuser monument is the third-largest monument of Germany (after the monument ot the Battle of the Nations in Leipzig and the Kaiser Wilhelm monument at Porta Westfalica).

Porta Westfalica

Glass no. 1125: Porta Westfalica

The Kaiser-Wilhelm-Denkmal is the best-known attraction of the area. The first plans for a patriotic monument for the first German Emperor, Wilhelm I (1797–1888, King of Prussia 1861, German Emperor 1871), were devised already one month after the death of the monarch. In 1889, the Wittekind mountain (276 m) at Porta Westfalica was chosen as the site for the monument, the final plans were drawn by the architect Bruno Schmitz. Due to financial problems, the construction of the monument could be started only in 1892 and was completed in 1892. The total height of the monument is 88 m, the canopy (height 50 m, diameter 32 m) is topped by an imperial crown (2.5 m). The statue of Wilhelm I (7 m high) was made by the sculptor Kaspar von Zumbusch. The monument was unveiled by Wilhelm's grandson and third (also last) German Emperor, Wilhelm II (1859–1941, German Emperor 1888–1918). The monument is the second-largest monument of Germany (after the monument for the Battle of the Nations in Leipzig and before the Kyffhäuser monument).

Rathenow

Glass no. 849: Rathenow

The monument of Emperor Wilhelm I [foreground], built after 1900, has been replaced by a modern monument.

 


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