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|UNITED STATES OF AMERICA|
|El Paso County|
Colorado Springs is situated at an altitude of 6,035 ft (1,840 m) in El Paso County. Colorado Springs was founded in 1871 because of its scenic surroundings. It became especially oppular with British visitors and even received the nickname 'Little London'. Gold was found in nearby Cripple Creek in 1891 and remained an important factor for Colorado Spring's economy until 1917 when the United States went for silver for its coinage. Aftert hat the town again emphasized on tourism. The military presence began in 1942 with the opening of Fort Carson. The US Air Force chose Colorado Springs for its Academy in the 1950s. During the following 30 years, the Peterson, Cheyenne Mountains and Falcon Air Bases were opened. Colorado Spring also is the seat of the North American Aerospace Command Center (NORAD). With a oppulation of about 320,000 it is the largest community of El Paso County and also is the county seat.
The small picture on the tumbler shows the Rocky Mountain Columbine (Aquilegia caerulea), the state flower of Colorado.
The flower was discovered in 1820 on Pikes Peak. In 1891, 22,316 students voted for a state flower. The Columbine came out first with 14,472 votes.
The flower was legally adopted in 1899. In 1925, the government of Colorado made it the duty of all citizens to protect this rare species.
An attempt in 1964 to replace the Columbine by the Carnation was unsuccessful. The song „Where the Columbines Grow“ was adopted as the
official state song by an act of the General Assembly in 1915.
Pikes Peak (14,110 ft or 4,300 m) was discovered by Lt. Zebulon Montgomery Pike in 1806. He originally named the mountain Grand Peak, but cartographers labeled it Pike's Peak on their maps. (In 1891 the U.S. Board of Geographic Names recommended an end to using possessive forms in place names; since then, the spelling of the name is Pikes Peak, which was confirmed by Colorado legislature in 1975.) It took until 1820 that the first man reached the summit, the first woman climbed the mountain in 1858. Katherine Lee Bates, a Massachusetts author and teacher, was so inspired by the view from Pikes Peak that she wrote the lyrics to "America the Beautiful" in 1893.
The Pikes Peak cog railway [left] was built in 1891 and is still in operation. The Pikes Peak toll road was completed in 1916. The Pikes Peak Hill climb, an automobile and motorcycle race, takes place every Fourth of July. The Pikes Peak Marathon up and down Barr Trail (13 miles ascending 7,500 vertical feet to the summit) takes place each August.
The valley below Pikes Peak received its name Garden of the Gods by Rufus Cable and Melanchton Beach, two surveyors from Colorado City, on August 13, 1859. In 1879, Charles Elliott Perkins, head of the Burlington Railroad, bought land here, intending to finally build a summer home. However, he never built the house. Instead, he directed that the area be kept open and free to visiting people. After his death in 1909, his children gave the land to the city of Colorado Springs for use as a public park. Among the restricions was that the property be forever known as the Garden of the Gods and always be kept free to the public. Today, it covers an area of 1,340 acres (542 hectares).
The pictures on tumbler no.B029 [far left] and on glass no.1306 [left] show the Gateway Rocks which form a natural entrance to the Garden of the Gods. The rocks tower several hundred feet above the valley floor and are composed of fine grains of red sandstone. Their color turns a deeper red immediately after a rainstorm
The small picture on glass no.913 [right] shows
The other pictures on glass no.913 [right] show Denver [bottom picture] and the Georgetown Loop Railway [top left inset].
One of the pictures on tumbler no.B031 [left] shows Cathedral Spires, another famous rock formation in the Garden of the Gods.
The other two pictures on tumbler no.B031 show the State Capitol in Denver
and the Mount of the Holy Cross.
Seven Falls in South Cheyenne Cañon is one of the best-known waterfalls in Colorado.
The waters of South Cheyenne Creek cascade 181 feet (55 m) in seven distinct steps down a solid cliff of Pikes Peak granite.