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ČESKÁ REPUBLIKA CZECH REPUBLIC
Moravskoslezský kraj North Moravia and Silesia (Ostrava) region
Okres: Karviná  

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Karviná

alt: Karvinná
lt, lv: Karvina de: Karwin pl: Karwina
el: Καρβινά
bg, ru, sr: Карвина uk: Карвіна

1390 Karviná-Darkov Karviná is stuated at an elevation of 252 m on the river Olše (German: Olsa, Polish: Olza) in the eastern part of the Czech Republic. The place was first mentioned in a document of 1268. In the early times, the place was called Arnoldsdorf. Coal deposits were discovered in 1776, and coal mining began in 1785. Since then, Karviná steadily developed into one of the major coal mining areas of the former Austrian Empire. Despite Polish claims, Karviná became part of the Czechoslovakia after a conference of allied ambassadors in 1919/20. During World War II the town was annexed by Poland in 1938, but was restored to Czechoslovakia in 1945.

Darkov

2698 Karviná: Lázně Darkov Darkov was first mentioned in 1447. After 1945, Lázně Darkov (German: Bad Darkau, Polish: Darków Zdrój) was incorporated into the city of Karviná together with the old town of Fryštát (German: Freistadt, Polish: Frysztat) and several other villages.

The Darkov spa was opened in 1867. The waters from its mineral springs contain iodine and bromide.

Glasses no. 1390 [right] and no. 2698 [left: bottom picture] show the Kurhaus (spa hotel).

The top picture on glass no. 2698 [near left] shows Villa Henriette.

4222 Karviná: Lázně Darkov
Glass no. 4222 [near left] shows a view of the bathhouse; the building bears a semicircular inscription on the upper floor, reading 'bath' in Czech: LÁZNĚ, German: BAD and Polish: KAPIELE.

3496 Karviná: Lázně Darkov
The new sanatorium [near left, no. 3496] was built in 1931/32.

Ráj

1471 Karviná: Lázně Darkov The picture on glass no. 1471 [near left] shows Ráj castle [background right]. The village of Ráj (German: Roy, Polish: Raj) also became part of Karviná in 1945.
[http://www.darkov.cz/en/about-darkov-health-resort/]


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