région: Normandie Normandy
département: 61, Orne  



prev.: Séez

ru, uk: Се

2469 Sées Sées is a town in the department of Orne, on the Orne River 3 miles from its source and 13 miles north by northeast of Alençon. In 1999, its population was 4,501.

The traditional spelling of the town's name, which derives from the Latin Civita Sagiensis, capital city of the Celtic tribe Sagii, was Séez, and this spelling has been retained by the Church; the Diocese of Séez is headed by the Bishop of Séez. However, the spelling Sées was adopted for the town by the civil authorities following Napoléon's successful Italian campaign of 1796–1797, one result of which was to bring another (Savoyan) Séez into France.

The first bishop of Sées was St. Lain (Latuinus), who lived about the 4th century. In the 9th century, Sées was a fortified town and fell a prey to the Normans. From 1356 the counts of Alençon were its possessors. It was captured and recaptured in the wars between Henry II of England and his sons. In the Hundred Years' War it was one of the first towns of Normandy to fall into the hands of the English (1418). Pillaged by the Protestants during the Wars of Religion, Sées attached itself to the Catholic League in 1589, but voluntarily surrendered to Henri IV of France in 1590.

The cathedral Notre Dame is remarkable for its architecture. The church dates from the 13th and 14th century and occupies the site of three earlier churches. The west front, which is disfigured by the buttresses projecting beyond it, has two stately spires of open work 70 metres. high. The nave was built towards the end of the 13th century. The choir, built soon afterwards, is remarkable for the lightness of its construction. In the choir are four bas-reliefs of great beauty representing scenes in the life of the Virgin Mary; and the altar is adorned with another depicting the removal of the relics of St. Gervais and St. Protais. The church has constantly been the object of restoration and reconstruction.

[Text adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sées]

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