|Bundesland: Freistaat Sachsen||Saxony|
Radebeul is situated at an elevation of 117 m in the Elbe valley, just downstream of Dresden. It is well known for its viticulture, a museum dedicated to writer Karl May and a narrow gauge railway connecting Radebeul with the castle of Moritzburg and the town of Radeburg. The Meißen area, where Radebeul is located, is one of the northeasternmost areas where wine is grown today. The municipality of Radebeul has a population of about 33,300 (2012) and also comprises the former communities of Lindenau, Naundaorf, Oberlößnitz, Serkowitz, Wahnsdorf, Zitzschewig, Kötzschenbroda, Niederlößnitz, and Fürstenhain.
Radebůl was first mentioned in a written document in 1349. Other parts of today's municipality were mentioned first in 1144 (Naundorf), 1226 (Kötzschenbroda), 1287 (Lindenau), 1315 (Serkowitz), 1350 (Wahnsdorf), 1366 (Zitzschewig) and 1533 (Fürstenhain). In 1905 it absorbed the neighbouring village of Serkowitz. On 1 April 1924 Radebeul became a town. Meanwhile, the neighbouring village of Kötzschenbroda had taken over Lindenau in 1920 and Naundorf, Zitzschewig und Niederlößnitz by 1924, when it was made a town as well. In 1934 Wahnsdorf and Oberlößnitz joined Radebeul, and on 1 January 1935 the towns of Kötzschenbroda and Radebeul were united under the name of Radebeul. In 1947 Radebeul was made part of the district of Dresden. In 1995 it received the status of a major town inside the rural district (große Kreisstadt); when the rural district of Dresden (Dresden-Land) was dissolved, Radebeul became part of the district of Meißen.
The Spitzhaus [left] is situated high on a hill above the Elbe valley in Radebeul's district of Oberlößnitz, above Hoflößnitz, a former country estate of the Wettin dynasty. The core of the building was created in 1622 in late Renaissance style for Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony. Its original name, due to its location, had been Hohes Haus ('high house'). Already in the 17th century the building and the surrounding vineyards changed into private hands. Countess Constantia von Kosel obtained it in 1706 and in 1710 handed it over to her benefactor Friedrich August I of Saxony (August II 'The Strong' as King of Poland). His son, Elector Friedrich August II (August III of Poland), ordered a major enlargement of the building in 1749 in Baroque style. The architect was Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann. Guests of the pavillion included Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II, King Charles X of France, King Otto I of Greece, or the Prussian Crown Prince Wilhelm (later German King Wilhelm I of Prussia and first German Emperor). The Saxon Royal Court sold off the estate in 1888/89. In 1901/02 the two side wings were added in order to increase the capacity of the building which in the meantime had become a popular country inn.
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