région: Nouvelle-Aquitaine  
département: 40, Landes  



eu: Akize oc: Dacs tr: Daks lv: Daksa
ru, sr, uk: Дакс

3139 Dax Dax (Dacs in Occitan) is situated at an elevation of 11 m on the river Adour about 15 km from the Atlantic coast in the département Landes, région Nouvelle-Aquitaine of southwestern France. Dax is the seat (sous-préfecture) of the arrondissement of the same name and the seat (bureau centralisateur) of the cantons Dax-1 and Dax-2. The municipality has a population of about 20,800 (2013).

It was first established by the Romans, and its reputation is supposed to date from a visit by Julia, the daughter of the first Emperor Octavian Augustus. Its first name was Aquae Tarbellicae, which later became Acqs, d'Acqs, and finally Dax. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. With the acquisition of Aquitaine by Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, Dax remained under English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War. It successfully withstood a Spanish siege in 1521–1522. Since antiquity, Dax is reputed for its hot springs. Today, Dax is the second-largest spa town in France, especially known for mud treatment of rheumatic diseases and similar ailments.

The picture on glass no. 3139 shows a view of the Casino and Grands Thermes at the river Adour. The Grands Thermes were opened in 1871. The old casino (shown here) was replaced in 1925–1932 by the new Atrium Casino built by the architect Roger-Henri Expert in 1925–1932 in Art-Déco style in place of the old machinerie of the Grands Thermes. 3139 Dax (bottom)

Glass no. 3139 is marked at the
bottom: Importé d’Autriche.

[https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dax, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dax, https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dax; http://landesenvrac.blogspot.co.at/2010/01/blog-post_73.html, http://paulinebessonart.wixsite.com/bainssaintpierre-dax/1868-1871-2]

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