|Catalunya / Cataluña||Catalonia|
|Provincia: Girona / Gerona||Girona|
Caldes de Malavella is situated at an elevation of 84 m in the province Girona of Catalonia. The municipality has a population of about 7,200 (2016).
Human settlements seemed to have existed in this area already in the late Palaeolithic period. However, the first urban nucleus seemed to have originated in the 1st century AD during the Roman period. The thermal springs of this place were already known at this time and thus the town became known as Aquae Voconiae or Aquae Calidae. Remains of the Roman baths of that period are still conserved in the town centre and have been put under monumental protection. During the second half of the 19th century, Caldes gradually became a popular resort and spa town. The first modern bath house was built in 1840, and numerous others were to follow. The procecss of marketing the mineral waters started in about the 1030s.
The Balneari Vichy Catalán [far left, no. 3175, and near left, no. 3919] was established on the initiative of Dr. Modest Furest i Roca who had acquired the spring in 1881. In 1883, a royal order declared the water a public utility. The first bottling plant was establied in 1889 and the trade mark ‘Vichy Catalán’ was registered in 1890. The spa building shown on glass no. 3175 was built in 1900–1901. The main wing in neo-Mudèjar style was designed by the architect Gaietà Buïgas i Monravà and was completed by Manuel Almeda i Esteva.
The Balneari Prats [near left, no. 3403] was originally founded by the
Prats family around 1840 when the family began to channel the waters of the Fountain of the Mine and established the site
of Baños Prats with a clientele of 400 people per year. This way, the transformation into a spa complex continued,
until the end of the 19th century and the rise of the finished neoclassical buildings we know today as the Balneari