lv: Santandera lt: Santanderas
el: Σανταντέρ
bg, mk, ru, sr, uk: Сантандер be: Сантандэр

Santander is the capital of the autonomous community and historical region of Cantabria situated on the north coast of Spain. Located east of Gijón and west of Bilbao and Donostia / San Sebastián, the city has a population of about 172,700 (2016).

In Roman times the first written mention appeared, the port being known as Portus Victoriae Iuliobrigensium. Although its name was first mentioned in a document of 1068, the Abbey of the Holy Bodies was already founded in the 9th century. In 1187, King Alfonso VIII of Castile was appointed abbot and master of the town. His jurisdiction facilitatet maritime traffic, fishing and trade. During the 12th and 13th centuries the population was contained within the walls of two different 'pueblas'. La Puebla, the oldest, on the hill overlooking the city facing the bay, included the old castle, the Abbey of the Holy Bodies and the cloister, while Puebla Nueva contained the convent of Santa Clara and San Francisco. Due to its excellent harbour, Santander was an important port for Castile in the later Middle Ages, especially for the trade with the New World. It officially became a city in 1755. In 1941, Santander fell victim to a great fire. The fire led to a major change in the architecture of Santander, away from the older small stone and wood buildings with balconies to the enormous blocks of flats built during the reconstruction. The municipality of Santander has included, since 2009, the city of Santander and the urban areas of Cueto, Monte, Peñacastillo, and San Román, places that were once villages but now are merged with the city.

3655 Santander Glass no. 3655 [left] shows a view of the wharf.
The monument depicted in the foreground unfortunately could not be identified. It may (or may not) be the monument to Pedro Velarde, created in 1880, to commemmorate the hero of the uprising of 2 May 1808. During its history, the monument was relocated several times and currently is located at the entrance of Plaza Porticada (Plaza Pedro Valverde) from Calle Calvo Sotelo.

3347 Santander The Palacio de la Magdalena [near left, no. 3347] was built following an initiative of the local government of Santander in 1908 for the purpose of providing a seasonal residence for the royal family of Spain. Funding was provided via popular subscription of the local populace. The design and construction of the palace were overseen by architects Javier González de Riancho and Gonzalo Bringas Vega, with construction completed in 1912 (another building designed by these architects and depicted on a glass of this collection is the hydrothermal establishment Las Salinas in Medina del Campo). King Alfonso XIII and his family first arrived at the Palacio de la Magdalena in 1913 and returned annually to summer at the palace through 1930. Following the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic in 1931 the palace since 1932 was used to host summer courses of the Menéndez Pelayo International University. In 1977, Don Juan de Borbón sold the palace and the peninsula back to the city of Santander. The palace, which was declared a historical monument in 1982 and renovated between 1993 and 1995, continues to be used as a conference and meeting hall. Today, it is the most visited place in the city of Santander.

[https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santander, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santander; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palacio_de_la_Magdalena; http://loqueseveyoye.blogspot.com/2012/11/monumento-pedro-velarde-en-santander.html]

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