During the Middle Ages Debrecen developed out of several smaller villages and became a trading place for cattle and agricultural products. It obtained the freedom of the city in 1361. During the times of the Reformation, Debreces became a centre of Calvinism. Even during the occupation by the Turks, which began in 1555, the inhabitants were allowed to practice their faith. When the Habsburgs liberated Debrecen from the Turks in the 17th century they tried to introduce the Counter-Reformation but the majority of the population remained Protestant. During the revolution of 1848 Debrecen was the centre of the struggle for independence under Lajos Kossuth. During World War II Debrecen was the capital of the liberated parts of the country from December 1944 until March 1945.
The street shown on glass no. 468 [left] is
The church shown in the background of glass no. 468 [left] is the so-called
Piac utca (Market Street) [near left, no. 0000] is one of the main streets of Debrecen. It got its name from the daily and weekly markets that was held in front of the Great Church. Before that, it hadbeen called Várad Street. After world War II it was named Red Army Street, but was renamed Piac utca in 1990.
The picture on glass no. 1925 [near left] shows the old