Duval County  



lv: Džeksonvila lt: Džeksonvilis
el: Τζάκσονβιλ
be: Джаксънвил uk: Джексонвілл be: Джэксанвіл, Джэксанвіль ru: Джэксонвилл mk, sr: Џексонвил

B058 Jacksonvillle, FL
Jacksonville is the largest city in the U.S. state of Florida based on population, and the largest city by area in Florida and the contiguous United States. It is the county seat of Duval County, with which the city government consolidated in 1968. Consolidation gave Jacksonville its great size and placed most of its metropolitan population within the city limits; with a population of 827,908, it is the most populous city proper in Florida and the Southeast, and the eleventh most populous in the United States. Jacksonville is the principal city in the Greater Jacksonville Metropolitan Area, with a population of 1,345,596 in 2010.

Jacksonville is in the First Coast region of northeast Florida and is centered on the banks of the St. Johns River, about 25 miles (40 km) south of the Georgia state line and about 340 miles (547 km) north of Miami. The Jacksonville Beaches communities are along the adjacent Atlantic coast. The area was originally inhabited by the Timucua people, and in 1564 was the site of the French colony of Fort Caroline, one of the earliest European settlements in what is now the continental United States. Under British rule, settlement grew at the narrow point in the river where cattle crossed, known as Wacca Pilatka to the Seminole and Cowford to the British. A platted town was established there in 1822, a year after the United States acquired the colony of Florida from Spain; it was named after Andrew Jackson, the first military governor of the Florida Territory and seventh President of the United States.



The first picture on tumbler no.B058 shows a view of (East) Bay Street [right].

[http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/142557, http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/159246]

B058 Jacksonvillle, FL: Bay Street
B058 Jacksonvillle, FL: Windsor Hotel


Built in 1875, the Windsor Hotel [left] attracted adventurers and statesmen visiting eastern Florida or making stopovers before traveling deeper into what was then the vast wilderness of the South. In 1901, the Windsor Hotel burned down in a fire that ravaged most of downtown Jacksonville. The proprietors of the hotel set out to reconstruct, and bought out the neighbouring land where the St. James once stood. They sold the land on condition that it would not be used for construction of a competing hotel. The Windsor Hotel was demolished in 1950 to make room for a parking lot. In 1955, I. Morris, vice president of Cuyahoga Wrecking Co., told the St. Petersburg Times that the hotel had held the strangest treasure he'd ever found during a demolition — a subterranean room filled with illegal whiskey.



Picture no. 3 on tumbler no.B058 shows a view of the (second) Duval County Courthouse [right], built in 1886. On August 12, 1822, Jacksonville was selected as the county seat of the newly established Florida county of Duval. The first court was convened here on December 16, 1822, but it was not until 1825 that the first courthouse was built at the corner of Bay and Newnan Streets. The original community-built structure went up in two days but was described as being scarcely fit for a barn and was not completed until the early 1840s. It was burned during the Civil War, and the second courthouse was not constructed until 1886 on the site of the original county court building. It was destroyed in the 1901 fire which consumed most of downtown Jacksonville. In 1902, the third county courthouse opened on the west side of Market Street between Adams and Forsyth streets. It oversaw one of the most dynamic periods of the Jacksonville's history. In February of 1958 it was replaced by the current Duval County Courthouse. It officially ceased operations as a courthouse at 5 p.m. May 18, 2012. The new and controversial Duval County Unified Courthouse was opened on June 10, 2012. The walls of the 1886 building survived the fire, were incorporated into a new armory, and, remodeled again at mid-century, remain as part of the present-day Lanier Building.

One of Florida's oldest counties, Duval County was created in 1822 and named for the first civilian governor (1822–1834) of the Florida Territory, William P. DuVal.

[http://jacksonville.com/slideshows/slides-news/saying-goodbye-old-duval-county-courthouse#slide-1, http://www.examiner.com/article/the-new-duval-county-courthouse, http://www.floridaestateplanninglawyerblog.com/2007/05/duval-county-florida-court-courthouse-duval-fl.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Pope_Duval]

B058 Jacksonvillle, FL: Duval County Courthouse

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