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Jüterbog is situated at an elevation of 76 m in the Fläming hill range of southwestern Brandenburg.
THe earliest written mention of Jutriboc (from Sorbic 'jutro', morning, and 'bog', god) dates from 1007. In 1157 the area was conquered by the archbishop of Magdeburg who thus created an exclave of his country between the possessions of the Askanian (later Brandenburg) and Wettin (later Saxony) dynasties. Jüterbog soon became a centre of trading. In 1174 it was chartered as a town, the second in Brandenburg. Because of its strong fortifications it was once nicknamed 'Märkisches Mantua'. The Thirty Years' War (16181648) caused a severe decline; after when Jüterbog passed to the Electorate of Saxony the town ultimately lost its former importance. The Seven Years' War (17561763) and the rise of Luckenwalde impoverished the town's craftsmen. In 1815, the northern half of the Electorate of Saxony, including Jüterbog, was awarded to Prussia by the Congress of Vienna. In 1823 Jüterbog became a garrison town, in 1841 it was connected to the railroad to Berlin. During World War II the town luckily suffered only little damages, a bomb raid in April 1945 spared the historic town centre.
The former Franciscan monastery [left] was founded in 1480. The monastery church was finished in 1510. In 1540 the monastery was closed and the church became a Protestant parish church. After 1966 the church was converted into a storehouse and began to fall into dereliction. After a reconstruction in 19801985 it is now used as municipal library, theatre and concert hall.