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|Bundesland: Niedersachsen||Lower Saxony|
Cuxhaven is situated on the shore of the North Sea at the mouth of Elbe river. Cuxhaven ist the administrative seat of the district Cuxhaven and has a population of about 55,000.
In 1394 castle Ritzebüttel came in possession of Hamburg. The village of Cuxhaven was first mentioned around 1577 (Dikshave, Kuckshafen, Kuxhaven, Kuckshagen, Kokeshagen, Ritzebutler Have). In 1810/1811, during the Napoleonic times, Cuxhaven became part of the département Bouches-de-l'Elbe (capital Hambourg, i.e. Hamburg), which existed until 1814. The villages Ritzebüttel and Cuxhaven were merged in 1872. Cuxhaven remained part of Hamburg until the Greater Hamburg Act (Groß-Hamburg-Gesetz, Gesetz über Groß-Hamburg und andere Gebietsbereinigungen, Law regarding Larger Hamburg and other territorial readjustments) of 1937. The Prussian communities of Harburg-Wilhelmsburg, Altona/Elbe and others became part of Hamburg, while Cuxhaven became part of the Prussian province Hannover. Parts of the port of Cuxhaven, however, remained a property of the city of Hamburg. The harbour was enlarged in 1892 to become a port of the Imperial German Navy. The community of Döse was incorporated into Cuxhaven in 1805, and two years later the new community of Cuxhaven was incorporated as a city. Between 1935 and 1972 several of the neighbouring communities were incorporated into Cuxhaven. In 1969, the islands of Neuwerk and Scharhörn together with the surrounding tidelands were returned to Hamburg. Cuxhaven remained an independent city until 1977 when it was incorporated into the district Cuxhaven. Nevertheless, Cuxhaven has a special status within the district ('große selbständige Stadt', 'large autonomous city').
Since the foundation of the North Sea spa in 1816 Cuxhaven als is a tourist loaction. The picture on glass no. 1970 [left] is labelled "Nordseebad Cuxhaven" (North Sea spa Cuxhaven). More than 3 million tourist-nights are counted each year. Cuxhaven, more precisely its town districts of Duhnen, Döse and Grimmershörn, obtained the status of a state-recognized North Sea therapeutic spa.
The light-house [left] was built in 1802–1805. It replaced the former wooden constructions which since the 15th century had marked the Elbe estuary. In 1899 the German physicist Karl Ferdinand Braun used the light-house to perform experiments on wireless telegraphy. For his achievements in this area Braun in 1909 was awarded the Nobel Prize (together with Guglielmo Marconi). The light-house remained in service until 2001 and was sold to a private owner in 2002.
The three pictures on glass. 3359 [left, no. 3359] are labeled Deichpartie ('At the dyke') [top picture], Kugelbake ('Ball beakon'; see below) [bottom left picture], and Wattenlaufen ('Mudflat walking') [bottom right picture].
The Kugelbake (Ball Beacon) [near left, no. 3538, and right, no. 3055]
is a historic aid to navigation in Cuxhaven, located where the River Elbe flows into the North Sea. The Kugelbake is the
principal landmark of Cuxhaven; since 1913, it has been depicted on the city’s coat of arms. Large wooden structures
guiding mariners have stood on this spot for over 300 years. The Kugelbake stands at a busy shipping lane in the Cuxhaven
borough of Döse and was once a vital nautical landmark. At this point, the estuary is about 18 km wide. Geographically
speaking, the Elbe ends here and the North Sea begins. From a nautical point of view, the Kugelbake can be said to separate
the Outer and Lower sections of the Elbe. It is also regarded as the symbolic separation between the Elbe and Weser estuaries.
Its distinctive design, well known to skippers, is now a popular tourist destination.
[https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Döse, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Döse; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kugelbake]
Duhnen also is a city borough of Cuxhaven, located just west of Döse.
It was first mentioned as Dune in a document of 1310/1325. Until 1864 it was part of the Hamburg Amt (district)
Ritzebüttel and then of the Landherrenschaft (manor) Ritzebüttel. In 1873, Duhnen obtained the status of a
rural municipality. In 1902 it was recognised as a seaside resort. Duhnen became part of Cuxhaven in 1935.