|ČESKÁ REPUBLIKA||CZECH REPUBLIC|
|Zlínský kraj||Zlín region|
Luhačovice is situated at an elevation of 250 m in the valley of the Sťávnice river and is Moravia's largest spa town. The place was first mentioned in a document of 1412 as a possession of the castle of Lukov (Luggau). The mineral springs were first described in 1668; the spa was opened in 1789. The modern development started at the beginning of the 20th century. The waters from ten alkalimuriatic springs and one hydrogen sulphide spring are predominantly used for the treatment of respiratory, digestive and metabolic diseases. Many of the characteristic spa building date from the early 20th century and were built by the architect Dušan Jurkovič who was inspired by Wallachian folk architecture.
The first three glasses show views of the 'spa square' (Lázeňské náměstí) with the
The Mineralní lázně (Kurhaus; Spa house) [left, no. 3958, and right, no. 189], also named Janův dům (Jan's House) after the spa's owner, Jan Nepomuk Serény, was built in 1822 by Franz Wasitschek.
Although glass no. 4000 [left] is labeled Lázeňska kolonáda ('spa collonade'), the building could be indentified as the
Glass no. 2895 [left] shows views from several spa hotels (from left to right):
Hotel Kocian [left picture: left],
Augustiánský dům [left picture: right; also no. 3869, below left],
Vila Vlasta [middle picture: top left; also no. 3313, below right],
Jestřabí [middle picture: top right],
Ca' Olga [right picture: top left],
Vila Praha [right picture: right].
Glass no. 4166 [right] is decorated by the same picture as depicted on the right side of glass no. 2895 [left], with the only difference that the villa depicted in the foreground right is identified as
Glass no. 3957 [left] shows a view of four of the many spa villas: in the foreground
The Jurkovič House was built in 1901–1902 by the architect Dušan Jurkovič. It replaced the original Jan's House of 1822. The new building is the key structure of Dušan Jurkovič erected in Luhačovice. A thorough overhaul was carried out between the years 2000 and 2002.
The Inhalatorium was built in 1922–1923 by the architects Josef Skřivánek and Jan Vodňaruk in classicizing modernist style with formal atributes to Czech cubist architecture. Truly remarkable are some of the technical furnishings preserved from the pioneering period of spa treatment (e.g. working decompression chambers made of lead featuring pressure-resistant windows and door seals including measuring equipment). Jan's spring (Janovka) comes to surface inside the Inhalatorium. At the time of completion, it was one of the largest inhalation facilities in Europe owing to the spa's specialization in inhalation treatment of the upper respiratory tract.
Villa Austria [left, no. 396: top picture] was built in 1884–1886 for Mr. Seichert, pharmacist and operator of a mineral water shipping company. The architect is unknown. The building is still a residential house with a pharmacy. There is a new art gallery on the ground floor.
Dům Bedřicha Smetany was built in 1908–1909 in geometrical Art Nouveau style by the architect Emil Králik. Following major repairs carried out in 1993-1995, the building has continued to serve as an upscale hotel.
The Palace Hotel (originally named Palace Hotel Drtílek) was built in 1926–1928 and is a dominant feature of the spa town. It was originally named for businessman Antoní Drtílk who had come to Luhačovice in 1910 and had initiated the building of this hotel. The hotel capacity was 300 guests and the hotel restaurant served up to a thousand meals a day. After a bankruptcy, the hotel was auctioned off in 1933. During World War II the hotel served as a recreational place for fascists and German mothers; after the war it was converted into a spa bath and after a demanding reconstruction it turned into a sanatorium in 1951. Today, the Palace Hotel again operates as a 4* wellness hotel.
The Community House was built in 1933–1935 by the architect František Roith. The building gave the spa a large hall for socializing and other glamorous facilities where guests could enjoy their free time. In spite of obvious Functionalist features, the building's design is very "classicist" and attests to the architect's strong feelings for pre-war Modernism and Monumentalism as well as for superb details close to Art Deco aesthetics. The building is still used for hosting social events in its social and gastronomical parts as well as in its accommodation part.
The convalescent home Arco (zotavovna Arco) [left], (today the Morava Spa House) was designed by the architect
Hydrotherapeutic Baths (?), built in 1901–1902 by Dušan Jurkovič.
The Miramonte spa [near left, no. 4020] was built in 1928–1929 as a luxury hotel by the architect Vladimír Hejný, a pupil of the famous architect Josef Gočár. Later on, the building was used as a military hospital, and since 1960 is serves as a specialised hospital for children with respiratory problems.
Glass no. 4179 [left] shows a view of