Bundesland: Schleswig-Holstein  
Stadt: Kiel  



fy: Kil is: Kíl lv: Ķīle pl: Kilonia lt: Kylis
el: Κίελο
bg, mk, sr: Кил ru: Киль be, uk: Кіль

3218 Kiel: neuer Bahnhof Kiel is situated in the Kieler Förde bay at the northeastern coast of the Baltic Sea region of Schleswig-Holstein. Kiel was founded between 1233 and 1242 and already in 1242 obtained the status of a town. The history of Kiel always was influenced by its location at the seaside. By 1431 it had become an important trading place. In 1665, the university of Kiel was founded by Duke Christian Albrecht of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf. When the line Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf became extinct in 1702, the small country was reunited with the elder line of the house of Schleswig, the Kings of Denmark. A first canal (34 km) was built in 1777–1784 between Kiel and the river Eider at Rendsburg in central Schleswig. In 1864, Schleswig with Kiel became a Prussian province. In 1871, the year of the foundation of the German Empire, the harbour of Kiel became the central port of the German Navy. Its strategic importance was further enhanced in 1895 by the opening of the Kiel canal (Nord-Ostsee-Kanal), which allowed large ships to reach the North Sea without having to enter Danish waters and to circumnavigate the Danish peninsula. After World War I, the German Revolution of 1918, which lead to the Weimar Republic, took its beginning in Kiel. Since 1946, Kiel is the capital of Germany's state of Schleswig-Holstein.

1476 Kiel Kiel castle [left, no. 1476: bottom left] goes back to a castle that was built by Duke Friedrich I of Holstein-Gottorf in 1512 on the site of an earlier, medieval castle. In 1558–1568 the castle was extended by a splendid residence in Renaissance style. In 1697 a further extension was erected in Baroque style. The ornate Renaissance roofs had become derelict by the 18th century and were replaced in 1763 by the roof shown on the glass. During World War II the castle was destroyed, only the west wing remained. A modern building was erected on the site of the old castle in 1961–1963. Until 2002 the building was home of the state library of Schleswig-Holstein and other state offices. The culture centre "Kieler Schloss" was privatized in 2003. Annually there are about 300 events with more than 200,000 guests taking place here.

The picture on glass no. 3218 [right, no. 3218] shows a view of the 'New Station Building', built in 1899–1911 about 500 metres south of the location of the original station, which had been built in 1843–1846 but had been unable to cope with the growing traffic especially after the opening of the Imperial War Harbours. The western part of the six-track new terminal station was completed and opened in 1899. Trains continued to run in the meantime to the old station through a gap in the east wing. After the opening of the new station, operations to the old station were abandoned and the east wing was completed in 1900. The old station was demolished in 1902. On the east side of the entrance building were the 'imperial steps' (Kaisertreppe), which together with a curved driveway provided the shortest possible route to the harbour basin where the imperial yacht was berthed. The final completion of the west wing and the platform hall lasted until 1911 because, among other things, the city monastery and a poorhouse on Sophienblatt, had to be demolished. In 1944, the station and the adjacent magnificent buildings were severely damaged by the Allies in a heavy air raid. Starting in 1950, the station was rebuilt in a simplified form.

1315 Kiel: Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal 2017 Kiel: Hochbrücke Levensau

The Nord-Ostsee-Kanal (Kiel canal) was constructed between 1887 and 1895. The canal (100 km) connects Kiel with Brunsbüttel at the mouth of the river Elbe. One of the strategic necessities was the acquisition of the island of Helgoland in the German Bight, which was in possession of England. The Helgoland–Zanzibar Treaty of 1890 finally secured the island for Germany. The canal was formally opened in 1895 by Emperor Wilhelm II and was named Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal in honour of his grandfather Wilhelm I, the first German emperor. The larger warships made it necessary to broaden and deepen the canal in 1907–1914. After World War I, the Treaty of Paris (Versailles) declared the canal an international waterway. The name was changed to 'Nord-Ostsee-Kanal' in 1946. The canal was widened again in 1961.

The high bridge at Levensau was completed in 1895. Its mean height is 40 m, the span is 163 m. The bridge was considerably altered in 1954.

The picture on glass no. 2017 [right] is erroneously labeled Hochbrücke Lavensau instead of Levensau.

2150 SMS Lothringen 2123 Kiel


Glass no. 2150 [left] shows the shows the battleship SMS Lothringen. The ship of the line was built in 1904 in Danzig (now Gdańsk, PL). During World War I the Lothringen was used only for second-rate duties as this type of ship was already outdated at that time. The ship was taken out of service in 1920 and was finally wrecked in 1931.

Several glasses of this collection show other ships.


The top picture on glass no. 2123 [right] Navy harbour.

The Naval Academy [right, no. 2123: bottom left] was built in 1888 for the Imperial Navy. From 1919 until 1945 it was the seat of the Commanding Admiral for the Baltic Sea. In World War II the building was damaged and had to be restored. Since 1950 the building is the seat of the Parliament of Germany's state of Schleswig-Holstein (Landeshaus). At present, it houses the state's parliament (Landtag), parts of the state chancellery (Staatskanzlei) and an office of the Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein.

The Hotel Seebadeanstalt Krupp [right, no. 2123: bottom left] was opened in 1900 and until 1919 was owned by the Krupp family from Essen. In 1919, the family donated the building to the university of Kiel and the hotel was converted to the Institute for Maritime Traffic and World Economy (today Kiel Institute for World Economy).

3217 Kiel: Marine-Garnisonkirche  

The Pauluskirche (St. Paul's Church) [left, no. 3217] in Kiel's borough of Düsternbrook was built in 1878–1882 in Gothic revival style as the garrison church for the Prussian Navy at Kiel. Due to its elevated location about 30 m above sea-level, it also served as a landmark for ships on the Innenförde. The spire until today is the highest church tower (72 m) of Kiel. The Navy used the church until 1918; since then, it is used by the Lutheran parish Heiligengeist. The church was damaged in World War II, but it was restored provisionally in 1948; a more through renovation took place in 1957–1960. [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pauluskirche_(Kiel)]

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