županija: Varaždinska  



hu: Varasd lv: Varaždina lt: Varaždinas it: Varasdino sq: Varazhdin de: Warasdin pl: Warażdin
el: Βαράζντιν
bg, mk, ru, sr: Вараждин uk: Вараждін

Varaždin is situated at an elevation of 173 m on the left bank of the river Drava in the north of Croatia. Varaždin is the capital of the Varaždin county and has a population of about 49,000 (2001).

The first written reference to Varaždin was in 1181, when Béla III, King of Hungary, mentioned the nearby thermal springs (Varaždinske Toplice) in a legal document. Varaždin was declared a free royal borough in 1209 by King András (Endre) II. The town became the economic and military centre of northern Croatia. Due to Turkish raids, the town was structured defensively around the old fortress. In the early 13th century, the Knights Hospitaller came to Varaždin, where they built a church and a monastery. At the end of the 14th century the Varaždin fortress passed into the hands of the counts of Celje. Over the following centuries Varaždin had several owners, the most influential being Beatrice Frankopan and her husband Margrave Georg ('the Pious') of Brandenburg-Ansbach. At the end of the 16th century the counts Erdödy became its owner, assuming the hereditary position of Varaždin prefects (župan), and the fortress remained in the ownership of the Erdödy family until 1925. 2909 Varaždin The periods of the Reformation and the Counter-reformation had a great influence on the Varaždin. With the arrival of the Jesuits, the school (gymnasium) and the convent were founded, and churches and monasteries were built in splendid Baroque style. In 1756, the Ban Franjo (Ferenc) Nádasdy chose Varaždin as his official residence, and Varaždin became the capital of Croatia. It hosted the Sabor (the Croatian parliament) and the Royal Croatian Council founded by Maria Theresia of Austria. However, the fire of 1776 destroyed most of the town, resulting in the administrative institutions moving back to Zagreb. By the 19th century Varaždin had been completely rebuilt and expanded, with flourishing crafts and trade, and later the manufacture of silk and bricks. In the 20th century Varaždin developed into the industrial centre of Northern Croatia. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varaždin]

Varaždin castle [left, no. 2909: foreground] was first mentioned in 1181 under the name Garestin in a document of the Hungarian king Béla III. It originally served as a fortress protecting the trading routes in this place. In the 16th century it was located within the Military Border and served as one of the main fortifications protecting the Habsburg countries against the Ottoman Empire. It was during this period that the castle was extended to its present shape with moats, ramparts and bastions. In later periods, the castle was remodeled several times under various owners, amongst them the counts of Celje. Towards the end of the 16th century the castle came in possession of the counts Erdődy who owned it until 1925 when the family was dispossessed by the City of Varaždin. Today, the castle is home of the Varaždin municipal museum. [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schloss_Varaždin]

2909 Varaždin The picture on glass no. 2909 also shows 2 coat of arms [see detailed view, left]: on the left, the coat of arms of Varaždin County or of the counts Erdődy (which are identical); The coat of arms on the right could not yet be identified. The labeling below is illegible but includes the date 1796. 2909 Varaždin

2241 Varaždin


Glass no. 2241 [left] shows a view of Župni trg (Parish Square) with the parish church of St Nicholas (župna crkva sv. Nikole). The church most likely goes back to the Romanesque period. In the 15th century it was rebuilt in Gothic style, the tower was completed in 1494. In the 18th century the church was remodeled in Baroque style. During the Communist period, the square had been renamed Trg Slobode (Freedom Square).

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