Caprera is an island in the Maddalena archipelago off the northeastern tip of Sardinia and is linked to the neighbouring La Maddalena by a 600-metre causewway. As the place where Giuseppe Garibaldi retired from 1854 until his death in 1882, it is a tourist destination but it has also been declared a natural reserve for the resident seabirds, the royal seagull, cormorant and peregrine falcon. The island was probably given its name because of the numerous wild goats living on it (capra means "goat" in Italian). It is the second largest island in the archipelago and has an area of 15.7 km2 and 45 km of coastline. Monte Tejalone is the highest point (212 m). On the south-western side is a sailing centre and the many coves and anchorages along the coastline make the landing easy. After the Roman occupation, Caprera remained deserted for centuries before being inhabited by groups of shepherds. In 1855 Garibaldi decided to settle there. He baought about half of the island and planted the first trees of the blooming pinewood which covers the island today. A century after Garibaldi's death the island was freed from military restrictions and is completely open to the public. His house is a museum and a memorial chapel and the island is a national monument.
Giuseppe Garibaldi (born on 4 July 1807 in Nice, died on 2 June 1882 on Caprera)
was an Italian general, politician and nationalist who played a large role in the history of Italy. He is considered
to be one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland" along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, King Vittorio Emanuele II
of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi has been called the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises
in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. He personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the
Italian unification. Garibaldi was appointed general by the provisional government of Milan in
1848 and General of the Roman Republic in 1849 by the Minister of War. When the French retook the Papal State, Garibaldi
took refuge in the neutral republic of San Marino. In 1860, he led the Expedition of the
Thousand (1860) on behalf and with the consent of Vittorio Emanuele II. His last military campaign took place during
the Franco-Prussian War (
death at the age of almost 75, his wishes for a simple funeral and cremation were not respected. He was buried in his farm
on the island of Caprera alongside his last wife and some of his children.
Glasses no. 3332 [left], 3333 and 3334 [below] show
Glass no. 3333 [left] is labeled
Francesca Armosina was Giuseppe Garibaldi's last wife. Francesca was born on 18 July 1848 in Antignano and married Garibaldi in 1880, after they already had three children together. the picture on the glass depicts here alongside her daughter Clelia (1867–1959). Francesca died on 15 July 1923 and was buried on Caprera in the Garibaldi family tomb. Clelia also was buried on Caprera next to the tombs of her parents.
Glass no. 3334 [left] is labeled
Ricciotti Garibaldi (1847–1924) was born in Montevideo as the fourth son of Giuseppe Garibaldi and Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro whom Garibaldi married in 1842. In 1866, alongside his father, he took part in the Battle of Bezzecca (1866) and the Battle of Mentana (1867); in 1870, during his father's expedition in support to France during the Franco-Prussian War, he fought for the Army of the Vosges, during which he occupied Châtillon and, at Pouilly, during the Battle of Dijon (1870), captured the sole Prussian flag lost during the war. After a failed attempt to create market enterprises in America and Australia, he was a deputy in the Italian Parliament from 1887 to 1890. In the Turkish-Greek War in 1897, he fought with the Greek Army against the Ottomans with other Garibaldines. He died in 1924 in Rome where he is buried at the cimiterio del Verano.
Harriet Constance Hopcraft was born on 22 August 1888 in Annerley,
London. She married Ricciotti Garibaldi in 1874. Donna Costanza died
on 9 November 1941 in Riofreddo near Rome and is buried alongside her husband in Rome.