Ehrwald is situated at an elevation of 994 m near the river Loisach in the basin of the Lermooser Moos (Lermoos Bog) at the foot of the Wetterstein mountains with their most famous peak, the Zugspitze. The municipality has a population of about 2,600 (2017).
Ehrwald was first mentioned in 1274. Other than most other parts of the Außerfern region (today district Reutte), it was not settled from the Allgäu region, but from settlers who had come from Imst to the south, very likely in connection with the mining activities in the region, that lasted up until the beginning of the 20th century. Although Ehrwald was situated off the main trading route across the Fern pass, it enjoyed a secured income by the production of staves for the salt works of Hall in Tirol. Tourism already started at the beginning of the 20th century and today, together with Lermoos, is an important biseasonal tourism place in the Zugspitze region. The Tyrolean Zugspitze Cable Car opened in 1926 as Austria's second mountain cable car. The cable car was rebuilt anew in 1991, the valley station was rebuilt after a fire in 2003).
The parish church Mariä Heimsuchung (Visitation of Our Lady) [background centre] was originally built in 1640–1648. In 1729–1734 the church was rebuilt. The old spire roof was replaced by an onion roof in 1769 and in 1784 the church was enlarged again.
The Wetterstein mountains [background] is a relatively compact range located
between Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Mittenwald, Seefeld in Tirol and Ehrwald. Part of it is in the
German free state of Bavaria and part in the Austrian federal state of Tyrol. The main summit of the Wetterstein, the
Zugspitze (2,962 m), is also the highest mountain in Germany.