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Jaroměř

lt: Jaromeržas de: Jermer
sr: Јаромјерж ru: Яромерж

3414 Jaroměř Jaroměř is situated at an elevation of 254 m at the confluence of the rivers Úpa and Metuje into the river Labe (Elbe), about 15 km northeast of the region's capital, Hradec Králové. The municipality of Jaroměř has a population of about 12,400 (2017).

The historic old town has been inhabited for more than a thousand years. Early in the 11th century a Prince of the Přemyslid dynasty built a fortress and named it Jaroměř. The village was elevated to the status of royal town under King Otakar I of Bohemia. In 1421, the town was conquered by the Hussites and the town thereafter remained a centre of the Hussite movement until the Counter-reformation. Between 1780 and 1787, under Emperor Joseph II, the fortress Ples was built on the left bank of the Labe and Metuje rivers. Later, that conurbation took the name of Josefstadt (Joseph town). In 1948 the fortress town was renamed Josefov and incorprorated into Jaroměř. The famous painter Josef Šíma was born here in 1891.

The Church of St. Nicholas [background right] is one of the most significant Gothic monuments in East Bohemia. The founding of the church dates back to the second half of the 14th century. It was founded by the First Archbishop of Prague, Arnošt of Pardubice, who later promoted it from the parish church to the conventual church of the monastic canons of St. Augustin. The construction of the triple-walled structure began in the second half of the 14th century. It was supposedly designed as a shortened version of Wrocław's church. The Hussite Wars interrupted the construction, but the church was finally vaulted in the 16th century. Static problems were caused by the fact that the northern part of the church was built on rock while the southern part was built on the bank of the river, and 100 years later the church began to lean towards the south. The bell tower was completed in 1707. Towards the end of the 1960s, static difficulties arose and the south of the church threatened to collapse. After a funding campaign, micropiles were made on the southern side of the church to connect the foundations with rock bedrock.

[https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaroměř, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaroměř; https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kostel_svatého_Mikuláš1e_(Jaroměř)]


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