Středočeský kraj Central Bohemia region
Okres: Praha-východ district: Prague-East


Lázně Toušeň

de: Bad Tauschen, Tauschim, Tauschin
sr: Лазње Тоушењ

4261 Lázně Toušeň Lázně Toušeň (German: Tauschim) is situated at an elevation of 177 m at the confluence of the rivers Labe (Elbe) and Jizera (Iser), about 22 km northeast of Prague. The municipality has a population of about 1,400 (2021).

The place was first mentioned in a written document dating from 1293, but had been inhabited for five centuries before that. The place served as a guard post protecting a ford across the river Labe. In the 13th century, Tauschin belonged to the king's fiefdom. During the Hussite wars the place was besieged and later occupied by Prague armies. In 1468 the city went back into the hands of the Bohemian King George of Podebrady, whose sons sold it again. At the beginning of the 16th century, the mayor of Prague acquired the village, began building the Renaissance chateau and planted the first vineyards and hop gardens. In 1547 the place belonged to the crown again, this time the owner was the Bohemian king and later Emperor Ferdinand I. At the beginning of the 17th century, Tauschin was a post office for Wrocław and Silesia. The town was destroyed by the Swedes during the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). Only at the end of the 17th century, when the town came into the hands of the Waldstein family, did it experience a new boom. In the second half of the 19th century a market was established, in 1868 a sugar factory was opened. In 1868 a small spa was founded although the iron springs had already been known since time immemorial. In 1979 the place was elevated to the status of a city. In 1991 it lost its city rights and became a health resort. In 2006 the status of Městys was renewed.

[https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A1zn%C4%9B_Tou%C5%A1e%C5%88, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A1zn%C4%9B_Tou%C5%A1e%C5%88; https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liste_deutscher_Bezeichnungen_tschechischer_Orte]

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