Středočeský kraj Central Bohemia region
Okres: Praha-západ district: Prague-West



alt.: Rudná u Prahy prev.: Hořelice, Dušníky
de: Horschelitz, Kirchsassen lt, lv: Rudna
bg, ru, sr, uk: Рудна

4436 Rudná Rudná is situated at an elevation of 378 m on the stream Radotínský potok about 10 km west of the centre of Prague. The municipality has a population of about 5,200 (2021). The municipality was created in 1951 by a merger of the two old villages of Dušniky and Hořelice.

Zhořelec was first mentioned in a writeen document in 1052. In 1228, Hořelice and Dušniky came in possession of the monastery of St. George on Hradčany (Prague). In the 14th century the ownership of Hořelice was transfered to the monastery of St. Thomas in Prague. In 1378, Dušiky was obatined by the archbishopric of Prague, follwed by the cathedral chapter in 1410. After the end of patrimonialism, Hořelice and Dušniky became independent municipalities in 1850. On 1 January 1951, the two former municipalities were merged and the new municipality was given the new, artifical name Rudná (u Prahy). In 2000, the municipality obtained the official status of a town.

The church of St. George kostel sv. Jiří [left, no. 4436] was built in the beginning of the 20th century on the site of a dilapidated baroque building, which in turn had been built in 1687–1688 in place of an even older chapel from the 13th century. The most notable feature of the place is the hill called Homole, on which the church is standing. It is an artificially filled mound of mysterious origin, probably ancient with a ritual purpose. After the construction of the railway from Prague to Beroun, which passed below the church, the loose subsoil caused constant shaking from passing trains. After severe cracks were found in the baroque church, the church was demolished in 1904. Between 1908 and 1910 a new church was built in neo-Romanesque style.

[https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudn%C3%A1_u_Prahy, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudn%C3%A1_(Prague-West_District); https://www.nockostelu.cz/kostel/3421/]

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