Zlínský kraj Zlín region
Okres: Zlín  



alt: Gottwaldov
de: Zlin lv: Zlīna lt: Zlinas
el: Ζλιν
bg, mk, ru, sr: Злин uk: Злін be: Зьлін

4312 Zlín 3983 Zlín The district town Zlín is situated at an elevation of 250 m on the river Dřevnice in eastern South Moravia.

The history of the town goes back to the Middle Ages. The first written mention of Zlín is found in a document of 1332. Privileges were granted to Zlín in 1397 and in 1509. An important event for the economic history of the town was the foundation in 1894 of the famous Baťa shoe factory [left, no. 4312, and right, no. 3983] by Tomáš Baťa (who also was elected mayor in 1923). The company made Zlín one of the largest shoe-producing places of the world. The enormous building activities by Baťa and his prestigious team of architects changed the small town into an agglomeration of unique functionalistic architecture. During World War II, the town suffered heavy damages. During the Communist era, in 1949, Zlín was renamed Gottwaldov for Klement Gottwald (1896–1953), Czechoslovakia's first Communist president (1948–1953). In 1990, the original name, Zlín, was restored, and the town obtained the official status of a city. In 1969, the Faculty of Technology as part of the University of Brno was opened in Zlín. It goes back to the Institute of Studies that was set up by the Baťa company for its employees in the 1930s. In 1995, the Faculty of Management and Economics was added. Since 1 January 2001, the faculties form the Tomáš Baťa University of Zlín.

510 Zlín The famous English playwright Tom Stoppard (birth name: Straussler) was born in Zlín in 1939.

The church of St. Philip and St. James [left, no.῁510: background] is the Roman-Catholic parish church of Zlín. The original church of the 14th century (c. 1390–1420) was rebuilt several times. A major reconstruction took place at the beginning of the 19th century, when the orientation of the church was changed from east to south, due to its insufficient capacity and the impossibility of expanding the original church to the east. The church tower remained in its original place. The church was hit by devastating fires in 1819 and 1849. Its current appearance dates from the period after the second fire in the second half of the 19th century.

3914 Zlín The Zlín department store [near left, no. 3914] was built in 1932 as one one of the first buildings in the newly formed náměstí Práce (Prague square). The overall architectural concept of the building was devalued by alterations from the 1970s.

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