Bundesland: Freistaat Bayern Bavaria
Regierungsbezirk: Schwaben  
Landkreis: Lindau (Bodensee)  


Lindau (Bodensee)

alt.: Lindau im Bodensee, Lindau am Bodensee
cs: Lindava
ru: Линдау (Боденское озеро) ru: Линдау (Бодензе)

1351 Lindau (Bodensee) 1063 Lindau (Bodensee) The old town of Lindau is situated on an island off the northeastern shore of the Bodensee (Lake Constance). The first mention in a document dates from 882 AD and referred to a cloister that had been founded here already several decades before. The cloister had opened a market on the lake shore, but later transferred this market onto the island in 1079. This became the beginning of Lindau's history as a trading town. Around 1274/75, Lindau became an independent Imperial city. In 1528, Lindau became Protestant, but the whole surrounding parts of the area on shore, and even the noble Ladies' convent on the island remained catholic. Lindau was one of the few Protestant cities that did not sign the 'Confessio Augustana' (Augsburger Bekenntnis), which was delivered to the Emperor at the Diet of Augsburg in 1530. Instead, the reformer Martin Bucer (Butzer) drew up the 'Confessio Tetrapolitana' (Vierstädtebekenntnis) together with Konstanz, Memmingen and Straßburg (Strasbourg). In 1728, most parts of the old town were destroyed by a large fire. After the fire, the town was rebuilt in Baroque style. In 1805/06, Lindau became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria. In 1835, a dam for the railway was built to connect the shore with the island. The new harbour of the town was opened in 1856. After World War II, the district Lindau was the only part of Bavaria that was occupied by French Allied troops. In 1955, Lindau became part of Bavaria again.

4271 Lindau (Bodensee) 4271 Lindau (Bodensee) 4271 Lindau (Bodensee)
The Diebsturm ('Thiefs' Tower') [near left, no. 4271: top left picture, left] was built in 1380 on the western end of the old town as part of the town's fortifications. For a long time it was used as a prison, hence it's name, 'Thief's Tower'.

The Peterskirche (St. Peter's church) [near left, no. 4271: top left picture, centre background] is the oldest church of Lindau. It is probable that the church goes back to a wooden chapel built in this place for a fisermen's settlement, hence the dedication to St. Peter. That chapel was later replaced by a stone church. When St. Stephen's was built as a parish church in 1180, St. Peter's lost its importance as it became only a filial church. In the first half of the 13th century the nave was prolonged on the western end. The church tower was rebuilt in 1425. The church further lost importance after the introduction of the Protestant faith in Lindau in 1528. Towards the end of the 17th century (the exact date is not known), the church was exsecrated and became used as a storage facility. Plans in 1811 called for a demolision of both St. Peter's and the Thieves' Tower in order to recover stones for the construction of the new harbour; however, both structures could be saved. Since 1928, the church is used as a war memorial.

The old town hall [near left, no. 4271: bottom left picture] was originally built in Gothic style in 1422 and rebuilt in 1576 in Renaissance style with its characteristic stepped gable. The façade facing Bismarckplatz is also adorned with a large, covered, originally wooden staircase that ends in a bay window. In the 19th century, the southern front was lavishly decorated with historical paintings depicting the history of Lindau. The Imperial Diet of 1496/1497, convened by Emperor Maximilian I, was held in the Gothic Council Chamber. Underneath, in the former market hall, parts of the Imperial City Library are still preserved.

1352 Lindau (Bodensee)
The port entrance [left, no. 1352] with the sculpture of the Bavarian Lion (6 m high) and the lighthouse (33 m high), completed in 1856, is the beloved landmark of Lindau. The port is considered to be the most beautiful of all harbours on the lake.

1353 Lindau (Bodensee)

The picture on glass no. 1353 [left] shows the  steamship Bavaria II leaving the harbour. The Bavaria II began its service on the Bodensee (Lake Constance) in 1912. On the occasion of its christening, the harbour was lit with electrical lights for the first time. The ship was inactivated in 1959 and finally scrapped in 1961. (Several glasses of this collection show other ships.)

1496 Lindau (Bodensee) 3537 Lindau (Bodensee)  

Bad Schachen

Schachen is the westernmost of Lindau's city borroughs on the mainland. Hoyren, first mentioned in 1275/1278, was created as a municipality in 1818 out of those parts of Lindau that were located on the lake shore. In 1922 Hoyren, including Schachen and Schönau, was merged again with Lindau.

3853 Lindau (Bodensee): Bad Schachen The history of Schachen as a spa goes back to 1474 when an iron-sulfur source was discovered. The spa facilities grew slowly throughout the centuries. With the opening in 1853 of the railway line from Munich to Lindau many tourists began to visit Lake Constance. The new Hotel Bad Schachen [left, no. 3853] was built in 1909–1910 in Art Nouveau style by the architects Hermann Billing and Wilhelm Vittali. In 1922–1931 it was enlarged by the architect Max Littmann. A further enlargement followed in 1937. During World War II the hotel served as a recreation home for members of the German Air Force. After the war it was used at first as a vacation home for the French occupation troops. It started to operate again as a hotel 1949.

Another place of the same name is Lindau, part of the municipality of Zerbst / Anhalt.

[https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lindau_(Bodensee); https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bad_Schachen, https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoyren; https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peterskirche_(Lindau)]

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