|ČESKÁ REPUBLIKA||CZECH REPUBLIC|
|Královéhradecký kraj||Hradec Králové region|
Jičín is situated at an elevation of 276 m in the valley of the river Cidlina and is one of the gateways to one of the most beautiful regions of Bohemia, the Bohemian Paradise (Český ráj). The town was a residence of the Bohemian dowager queens since 1293 and obtained the status of a town in 1302, that of a royal town in 1438. After the Battle at the White Mountain (Bílá Hora, today part of Prague) in 1620, Albrecht of Wallenstein (Valdštejn) chose the town as main residence of his Duchy of Friedland (Frýdlant) in 1623. Wallenstein's magnificent castle at Jičín later became the place where in 1813 the so-called 'Holy Alliance' of Austria, Russia and Prussia against Napoleon was formed.
The Valdická Gate [left, no. 3145: background left] was built as part of the town's fortifications in 1568–1578 and received its final shape in 1840. The tower is 52 m high; 156 steps lead up to a gallery which offers a magnificent view on the old town.
Valdštejn square (Valdštejnovo námĕstí) [foreground] is the centre of the old town and covers an area of 13,170 m2. It is named for Albrecht of Wallenstein (Albrecht z Valdštejna).
The cathedral of St. James the Greater [left, no. 3145: background right] was built in 1627 in Baroque style.
The palace [left, no. 3145: far right] was built for Albrecht of Wallenstein in 1624–1634 in place of the older Renaissance palace of 1608 that had been partially destroyed by an explosion in 1620. After a fire in 1768, the palace was reconstructed in Late Baroque style until 1775.
The Fountain of Amphitrite [left, no. 3145: foreground centre] was created by Jan Suchardy in 1836. [https://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jičín]
Žižkov square (Žižkovo námĕstí) [left, no. 2858: foreground] is located on the other side of Valdická Gate and is named for the Hussite leader Jan Žižka.
Glass no. 3187 [left] is a souvenir from Prachovské skály [top picture] but also shows a view of Jičín [bottom picture].
Glass no. 3380 [right] also is a souvenir from Jičín. The top picture on this glass is labeled Krkávčí skály v Prachově. However, the Krkávčí ('raven') rocks are situated some 55 km to the northwest near Liberec, so it is much more likely that the picture also shows a view of Prachovské skály (Prachov rocks), which are situated only 9 km to the northwest of Jičín.
Another glass from this collection is a souvenir from Nový Jičín in the
Moravian-Silesian Region in the east of the Czech Republic.