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Prešovský kraj Prešov region
okres: Levoča  

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Spišské Podhradie

de: Kirchdrauf pl: Spiskie Podgrodzie lt: Spišske Podhradje hu: Szepesváralja
uk: Спиське Подградє sr: Спишке Подхрадје ru: Спишске-Подградье be: Сьпіске Падградзе, Спішске-Подграддзе

Spišské Podhradie is situated at an elevation of 430 m in the Margecianka river valley in the Spiš region of northeastern Slovakia, about 12 km east of the district town Levoča. The municipality has a population of about 4,000 (2016). The municipality consists of two cadastral districts, Spišské Podhradie (German: Kirchdrauf, Hungarian: Szepesváralja, Polish: Spiskie Podgrodzie), which includes the town quarter Spišská Kapitula (Zipser Kapitel, Szepeshely; merged with Spišské Podhradie in 1948), and Katúň (Kattaun).

3308 Spišské Podhradie The settlement began to develop in the valley below Spiš Castle (Spišský hrad), which had been founded in the 12th century. The town's coat of arms, showing an arm holding a church, originated in the 15th century and is derived from the original German name, Kirchdorf, later Kirchdrauf; the city restored the use of its historic coat of arms in 1991. In the second half of the 12th and 13th centuries, German emigrants (the Spiš Saxons) settled in the town. In 1412, the village was given the status as a town by Sigismund of Luxembourg (at that time Elector of Brandenburg, German King, King of Hungary and Croatia). Significant further market privileges were give to the town in 1456. From the 14th century onwards, the town was the seat of many guilds of various crafts. Together with 34 other towns and villages, Spišské Podhradie was pawned to Poland between 1412 and 1772; after their return, the town became part of the Province of 16 Spiš towns (1778–1876). In 1894, the town was connected to the railroad system (railroad from Košice to Bohumín). In 1662–1665, the settlement around the priory church, Spišská Kapitula, was fortified. In 1993, Spišské Podhradie with Spišská Kapitula and the village of Žehra were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site (extended in 2009 to include the historic centre of Levoča).

The Cathedral of St. Martin is the centre of Spišská Kapitula. The church was built between the 13th and 15th centuries in Romanesque and Gothic styles. It is one of the largest and most interesting Romanesque monuments in Slovakia. It contains many medieval carved altars and is the resting place of many lords of Spiš Castle, among them the famous 15th-century carved marble tombstones of the Zápolya family. A recently restored wall-painting from 1317 depicts the coronation of Charles Robert of Anjou as King of Hungary (r. 1308–1342). Spišská Kapitula became the main seat of the church administration in the region in the 12th century. In 1776 it became the seat of the Diocese of Spiš, after Hungarian queen Maria Theresia of Austria split the Diocese (today archdiocese) of Eger (Erlau). Spišská Kapitula was visited by Pope John Paul II in 1995.

Depicted in the background (top left) is Spiš castle (see there).

3308 Spišské Podhradie (acquired already damaged)

 

Glass no. 3308 was aquired already in a damaged condition, but due to the interest of the depicted places was nonetheless included in this collection.

 

Glasses in this collection from places with similar names: Another glass of this collection shows a view of Zvíkovské Podhradíe, Czech Republic. Hluboká nad Vltavou, Czech Republic, until 1912 was named Podhradí nad Hlubokou.

[https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spišské_Podhradie, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spišské_Podhradie, https://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spišské_Podhradie, https://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spišský_záloh; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Martin's_Cathedral_(Spišská_Kapitula)]


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